International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Effect of cattle manure on soil nutrients dynamics and performances of maize (Zea mays L) grown on sandy loam soil in forest-savannah transition zone southwest Nigeria
Eleduma AF, Aderibigbe ATB, Sanni KO and Obabire SO
The contribution of inorganic fertilizer to enhance crop growth and yield cannot be ignored, but on the other hand their indiscriminate use is causing deterioration of the soil structure and soil acidity. A field experiment was conduct at the Teaching and Research Farm of Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, during the wet season of 2015 to study the effect of variable rate of cattle manure on the growth and yield of maize (Zea Mays L). Five rates of cattle manure: control, 5, 10, 15, and 20 t/ha-1 replicates three times laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Data were collected on vegetative traits and yield component of the maize and statistically analyzed. The growth and yield attributes measured in the field include number of leaves, plant height (cm), leaves length (cm), leaves area (cm), stem girth (mm), number of cobs, cobs length (cm), cobs circumference (cm) number of grain per cobs, cobs weight (kg), grain weight (kg), and husk weight (kg). The growth and yield attributes increased significantly accordingly to the rates of cattle manure due to continuous supply of nutrient. The control plot gives significantly lower means and maize that received 20 t ha-1 recorded the highest mean in all growth and yield parameter evaluated in the study. In conclusion, applications of cattle manure at the rate of 20 t ha-1 significantly improve vegetative growth and yield attributes of maize plant and therefore recommended that resource-poor farmer can adopt the use of cattle manure at 20 t ha-1 as substitute for inorganic fertilizer, thus reduce environmental pollution posed by the disposal of the cattle waste and ultimately improve yield in the study area.
Eleduma AF, Aderibigbe ATB, Sanni KO, Obabire SO. Effect of cattle manure on soil nutrients dynamics and performances of maize (Zea mays L) grown on sandy loam soil in forest-savannah transition zone southwest Nigeria. Int J Hortic Food Sci 2020;2(2):05-09. DOI: 10.33545/26631067.2020.v2.i2a.41