International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Boosting up the economy of Pakistan through agarwood production
Muhammad Arshad Ullah
Aquilaria species have been the primary source for agarwood and are distributed eastward from India (Bengal and Assam) to the island of New Guinea and southward from tropical China. Agarwood is dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees in the plant family Thymelaeaceae. Agarwood has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years, and continues to be used in Ayurvedic, Tibetan and traditional East Asian medicine. High-grade agarwood powder is used for aromatherapy and also used in the production of pharmaceutical tinctures. The number and types of agarwood metabolite constituents of each reported studies vary depending on the agarwood source, extraction methods and analysis approaches used. Agarwood, also known as eaglewood or gaharu, is a valuable non- timber forest product which sometimes grows in Aquilaria species. The genus species occur mainly in South and Southeast Asia. As a result of a defense mechanism to fend off pathogens, Aquilaria species develop agarwood which can be used for incense, perfume, and traditional medicines. The main markets for these products are in South and East Asia and the Middle East. The high prices demanded for agarwood has led to the rapid depletion of Aquilaria trees in natural forests. The search for agarwood has spread from one country to another. Efforts have been undertaken to increase the production of the infected wood by deliberately wounding the trees. A variety of methods is used towards this end. Some recently developed techniques have proven to be most effective. This resulted in planting of Aquilaria trees by small holders as well as large industrial size plantations. In this paper, we shall discuss all the concerns of agarwood for better yield, quality and maximum utilities for humanity as well as the environment safety to enhance the socio economic condition of the Pakistan.