International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Review on post-harvest handling to reduce loss of fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are the perishable agricultural commodities. Harvesting of pre-matured and over-matured fruits results in shorter storage life and quality deterioration. Thus the fruits should be harvested at proper stage of maturity for good quality with better storage. Vegetables on other hand can be harvested at horticultural maturity. However, poor handling method of produce has resulted to a serious post-harvest loss, loss of time and money spend. Unavailability of suitable handling processes and chemical treatment are triggering huge amount of loss of commodities. Hence, producers are suffering from great economic loss due to lack of proper handling methods, lack of nature and cause of postharvest loss and proper preservation methods. However, loss can be minimized by subejecting produce to proper management and handling procedure such as cleaning, grading and sorting, storage, transportation and marketing. Pre-harvest and postharvest treatment with certain chemicals also extends the shelf life of commodities by preventing from harmful pathogens and from contamination. The data were collected from different relevant sources and has been described in own words. Consequently, this paper suggests the postharvest handling of fruits and vegetables in such a way to reduce post-harvest loss and increase the availability of produce.