International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
2022, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part B
Assessing the dietary intake among pregnant women attending layeni primary health care in Ajegunle Apapa Lagos state in their second and third trimester
Odunayo O and Olumakaiye MF
Background: Pregnancy is a physiological condition in which a woman carries and nurture a developing embryo or fetus as the case may be according to the age in her uterus.
Objective: This Study Assessed. The Dietary Intake of Pregnant Women Attending, Layeni Primary Health Care in Ajegunle Apapa Lagos State in their Second and Third Trimester
Method: A cross sectional study design was adopted to address the research problems. The study was designed to determine the nutritional knowledge of pregnant women in the study area. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 195 respondents. Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 20 to determine the mean with their standard deviation, frequencies, and percentages as well as drew chart.
Results: The analysis showed that most of the respondents (93.3%) were in their third trimester, 54.9% were between the ages of 20-30 years, 57.4% had children between ages 1-3 years. A larger percentage of (91.8%) had gave birth to their child at the clinic and only 9.7% attended antenatal clinic sixteen (16) times and above. The Yoruba’s constituted the main population of 74.4%. There were more Christians than Muslims as 55.9% were Christians and 42.6% were Muslims. Results also indicated that 36.9% were artisans, 17.9% were traders, 16.9% were housewife, and 13.3% were students. 39% had secondary school education, showing that majority of the respondents had secondary education Majority of the respondents earned less than 30,000 per month. Mean nutritional knowledge score was 42.8+ 6.9 and only 29.2% had good knowledge. 10.3% of the respondents had low dietary intake, 46.2% had moderate dietary intake, 43.6% had high dietary intake. The result of hypothesis 1 showed there was a significant relationship between the nutritional knowledge and dietary intake of the pregnant women at P=0.001. However, about 68.7% practice food taboo based on family history.
Conclusion: The increased in Low Nutritional knowledge in this study intensify great need for nutrition counselling in antenatal clinics in urban and rural places in Nigeria to help teach pregnant women on the significance of healthy food choice throughout pregnancy which is key in healthy pregnancy and growth of the child.
Odunayo O, Olumakaiye MF. Assessing the dietary intake among pregnant women attending layeni primary health care in Ajegunle Apapa Lagos state in their second and third trimester. Int J Hortic Food Sci 2022;4(1):98-104. DOI: 10.33545/26631067.2022.v4.i1b.91