International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
  • Printed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal

P-ISSN: 2663-1067, E-ISSN: 2663-1075
International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
Printed Journal   |   Refereed Journal   |   Peer Reviewed Journal
International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
2023, Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part A
Pathogenicity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) isolates in causing tomato wilt disease on two tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L) varieties

Abdulkadir HK, Ekefan EJ and Gwa VI

Pathogenicity test of Fusarium oxysporum isolates in causing tomato wilt disease (TWD) was carried out on two tomato varieties (UC 82B and Rio-grande). During the 2015 cropping season, the experiment was conducted in a screen house at the Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi's Teaching and Research Farm. A 2 x 11 factorial was used in the experiment, which was replicated three times using a completely randomized design (CRD). Together with an uninoculated control, the F. oxysporum isolates that were evaluated were coded as FoAs1, FoAs2, FoAg, FoNb, FoSb, FoAm, FoAk, FoOr, FoAd, and FoUAM. All the isolates of F. oxysporum tested were pathogenic, causing wilt on the plants from 3 weeks after inoculation (WAI), with severity of wilt been significantly higher (p≤0.05) in FoUAM. Isolates of F. oxysporum showed significant difference (p≤0.05) both in incidence and severity compared with the control. Effect of F. oxysporum isolates on some agronomic characteristics such as plant height, number of fruits, fruit weight and number of branches on the two varieties of tomato at 12 weeks after sowing (WAS) was significantly different (p≤0.05) with the control experiment. Highest severity score of 5.00 was calculated in FoUAM while the least of 4.33 was in FoSb compare with uninoculated value of 2.50. It is therefore, concluded that the two tomato varieties are pathogenic to F. oxysporum isolates and illicit disease in tomato hence reduced the yield of the crop.
Pages : 23-29 | 182 Views | 89 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Abdulkadir HK, Ekefan EJ, Gwa VI. Pathogenicity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) isolates in causing tomato wilt disease on two tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L) varieties. Int J Hortic Food Sci 2023;5(2):23-29. DOI: 10.33545/26631067.2023.v5.i2a.174
International Journal of Horticulture and Food Science
Call for book chapter
Please use another browser.